Lawrenceburg, the county seat of Lawrenceburg County, is located in Middle Tennessee about 17 miles east of the Natchez Trace Parkway.
According to recent theory, the Lawrenceburg area is the likely site of "Chicasa" — the place where Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto and his men wintered in 1540-41 (earlier theories have suggested this campsite to have been in northern Mississippi). The Cherokee sold the area to the United States in 1806.
Upon moving from East Tennessee in the early 19th century, Davy Crockett established a powder mill in what is now known as David Crockett State Park. Crockett was elected as a commissioner and served on the board that placed Lawrenceburg four miles west of the geographic center of Lawrence County. He fought and died at the Battle of the Alamo in 1836.
After World War II, the Murray Ohio Manufacturing Company, a producer of bicycles and outdoor equipment, moved its manufacturing operations to Lawrenceburg, building a new factory and assembly plant. Over the next several decades, the Murray factory grew to be one of the largest in the United States.
An Amish community is located a few miles north of Lawrenceburg in the Ethridge area.
The population was 10,796 at the 2000 census.